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Aditya L1 - Solar Mission of India

The Aditya-L1 mission will launch on September 2, 2023 (Saturday) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR (SDSC-SHAR), Sriharikota, using an ISRO PSLV XL rocket.

They will observe the sun from a distance of 15 lakh km as part of a research endeavour. The spacecraft will first be positioned in a low-Earth orbit. The orbit will then become more elliptical, and the spacecraft will then use onboard propulsion to launch itself towards Lagrange Point (L1).

The following are the main science goals of the Aditya L1 mission:

  • Research on the dynamics of the solar upper atmosphere (chromosphere and corona).

  • Research into coronal and chromospheric heating, the physics of partly ionised plasma, the start of coronal mass ejections, and flares

  • Keep an eye on the in-situ particle and plasma environment, which can be used to gather information about particle dynamics from the Sun.

  • The heating mechanism of the solar corona and its physics.

  • Thermodynamic evaluations of the coronal and coronal loop plasma: velocity, density, and temperature.

  • The evolution, behaviour, and source of CMEs.

  • Recognise the series of events that take place at various layers (chromosphere, base, and extended corona) and ultimately result in solar eruptive events.

  • Magnetic field measurements and topology in the solar corona.

  • Space weather factors (solar chemistry, dynamics, and genesis)

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Samudrayan Mission of India


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