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Education System in India- Part I

Education in Ancient India:

Gurukul System:

· In ancient India, the Gurukul system of education was more prevalent. The Gurukul (Schools) were dispersed throughout the surrounding countryside. It was believed that for the students to learn life skills with appropriate discipline, a calm environment was necessary. The majority of Gurukuls were thus found in jungles.

Silent features:

· These traditional Hindu schools in India were residential, with all of the students sharing a home with the teacher or guru, regardless of the student's social status.

· The emphasis was on holistic learning with an incremental focus on professional, social, religious, and spiritual education.

· The culture and religion, which were incremental components of the ancient Indian society, had a profound influence on the education provided.

· In addition to learning about the arts, literature, scriptures, and philosophy, students were also taught practical skills and prepared for various tasks.

· The basis for selection by a gurukul was an impeccable attitude and moral strength that could be displayed through impeachable conduct.

· The Gurukul education system emphasized a psychological approach to teaching and led to an individual's overall development.


The Main objectives of the Gurukul System of education were as under:

  • Holistic Development

  • Personality growth

  • Spiritual Awakening

  • Awareness about nature and society

  • Passing on knowledge and culture through generations

  • Self-control and discipline in life

The Gurukul system of education was adopted by the government in their residential school mainly in A.P. Residential School, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Eklavya Residential Model School etc.

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